Herniated Disc, Bulging Disc, and Whiplash Injury.
Learn more about types of injuries that can occur during an auto accident. An auto accident injury can include any of the following conditions below. Does it sound like you may have one of these injuries?
What is a Whiplash Injury?
Whiplash, is a common injury of the soft tissue to the muscles and ligaments in the back of your neck (cervical spine), frequently associated with (or caused by) low-velocity rear-end motor vehicle collisions. The whiplash injury diagnosis is done by considering the patient history, symptoms, and X-rays or MRI scan.
Whiplash Injury Symptoms
The most common symptoms of a whiplash injury include:
- Pain in the back of your neck
- Muscle spasm
- Neck stiffness
What is a Bulging Disc?
Bulging disc, also known as a disc protrusion, is a very common occurrence. This condition happens when a disc shifts out of its normal position, usually slowly and over a long period of time. As the disc moves, its inner, liquid-like nucleus begins to balloon toward the weakest point in its hard outer casing.
Usually, there is little or no pain associated with a bulging disc, but the affected disc may eventually suffer a herniation. Bulging discs may also place pressure on nearby nerves, leading to serious discomfort and, in some cases, severe and chronic pain.
Bulging Disc Symptoms
- A bulging disc in the cervical area may cause pain or tingle in the neck, shoulders, arms, hands or fingers. A bulging disc in the lumbar area may cause muscle spasms and lower back pain.
- Approximately 90% of all bulging discs occur in the lumbar spine.
- A thoracic bulging disc may cause pain in the upper back that radiates to the chest or stomach.
What is a Herniated Disc?
A herniated disc occurs when a portion of the vertebral disc ruptures. Through the ruptured portion, the inner central portion of the disc (nucleus pulposus) is pushed out into the spinal canal on nerves in the cervical, thoracic or lumbar areas.
Because the spinal canal has limited space, the displaced disc presses on the nerves which can often lead to numbness and pain. Smaller herniations are sometimes called protrusions.
Continue reading about the causes and symptoms of a herniated disc, or use the following link to learn about the possible treatment options for herniated discs.